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Urinary stones are hard deposits made of minerals & salts that occur in the urinary tract
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Why choose us
Why choose us
LASER stone removal
Painless & scarless procedure
No cuts, no stitches, no recurrence
Instant pain relief
The Department of Urology at the CK Birla Hospital offers traditional and advanced techniques to remove urinary stones. Our urological team is equipped with state-of-the-art protocols for assured full and fast recovery. We provide LASER assisted treatment which offers benefits including maximum comfort, fewer complications, instant pain relief and a permanent solution to urinary stones. We offer comprehensive compassionate care to enhance your experience.
Our urology specialists
Our urology specialists
Dr. Shalabh Agrawal
About urinary stones
About urinary stones
Urinary stones, also known as calculi, are hardened deposits of minerals and salts. These stones form and collect in one of the organs of the urinary tract. Your urinary tract includes – kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra.
A urinary stone may develop in one of the organs and travel down to another. These stones vary in size and numbers in each patient.
Causes of urinary stones
Your kidneys are responsible for filtering toxins and waste products from your blood. This process also leads to the production of urine. This urine gets carried from your kidneys through the ureters (thin tubes that connect your kidneys and bladder). The urine stays collected in the bladder when until you feel the urge to urinate. The urine gets flushed out from your body through a tube called the urethra.
Urinary stones can form when your urine becomes highly concentrated with salts and substances such as calcium, oxalate and phosphorus.
Location of urinary stones
Urinary stones can develop anywhere along the urinary tract. However, they are most commonly seen in the kidneys and bladders. Depending on the location, urinary stones can be classified into:
- Kidney stones
- Bladder stones
- Ureteral stones
Types of urinary stones
There are several different types of urinary stones based on the type of mineral and salt. Common types include:
- Calcium stones
- Uric acid stones
- Struvite stone
Symptoms of urinary stones
The signs and symptoms of urinary stones depend upon various factors such as the size, location, type, of the stones, the individual’s overall health, water intake and urine output.
Sometimes, a person may not display any problematic symptoms because the stones are too small in size and get flushed out on their own. However, in other cases, urinary stones can cause several bothersome signs and symptoms.
Kidney stones symptoms:
- Severe, sharp pain at the side of the abdomen
- Sharp pain in the back
- Pain in the lower abdomen and groin
- Pain with varying intensity
- Burning sensation while urinating
- Oddly-coloured, foul-smelling or cloudy urine
- Increased urgency to urinate
- Pain that comes in waves
- Inability to empty bladder
- Nausea and vomiting
- Fever and chills (in case of infection)
Bladder stones symptoms:
- Pain in the lower abdomen
- Pain during urination
- Increased urge to urinate
- Difficulty in emptying the bladder
- Presence of blood in the urine
Diagnosis of urinary stones
Your urologist will first discuss your medical history with you. You can expect to be questioned about your present symptoms, their severity and overall health. He/she will order some of the following tests and procedures to accurately diagnose your condition:
- Physical exam
- Blood tests
- X-ray of the abdomen
- CT Scan
Treatment of urinary stones
There are varying treatment protocols for each patient. Your best-suited treatment method will depend upon your diagnosis and overall condition. Listed below are some common treatment alternatives used to remove urinary stones:
Watchful waiting: If your stone size is less than 4 mm, your urologist will actively watch your condition while offering some recommendations to improve your health. He/she would advise you to increase your fluid intake in order to help flush out the stone naturally with the urine.
Medicinal approach: Your urologist will prescribe effective medicine to help get rid of the pain. You will also be administered pain relief medication to alleviate your symptoms. Simulatenoauly, he/she will offer your personalised guidance on fluid and dietary intake to avoid any complications.
Surgical intervention: There are various surgical procedures that can be done to remove urinary stones permanently. Common surgeries include:
LASER assisted surgery – This procedure is also known as Laser lithotripsy. It is a minimally invasive method in which large stones are broken into smaller fragments. These small breakdowns of the stones can then be removed naturally through urine. The LASER-assisted procedure makes use of high-frequency shock waves to break down the stones. It is a very effective method with various benefits such as no cuts, no stitches, no recurrence, fewer risk of complications, no pain, shorter hospital stay and a speedy recovery.
Percutaneous Nephrolithotomy (PCNL): PCNL is performed for extremely large stones. In this procedure, a small incision is made to access the stone, break it and remove it from the body. PCNL is an advanced minimally invasive surgery with several benefits.
Ureteroscopy: Ureteroscopy is a procedure done to help remove small and medium-sized stones. In this procedure, your surgeon makes use of a medical device called the ureteroscope (a thin, flexible tube). Using the ureteroscope, your surgeon fills your bladder with a sterile solution to visualise it more clearly and access the stone in order to break or remove it.
I visited the CK Birla Hospital for kidney stone treatment. It is a great hospital for the best treatment for kidney stones. Dr Shalabh is very intelligent and friendly. He is very supportive and explains everything in detail. He only did the tests which were necessary to help diagnose my condition. I had two medium-sized stones. Dr Suggested a procedure to remove them. I had full faith in the doctor and this hospital so without any worry, I went ahead with the procedure. My treatment was successful and I feel very great. Excellent experience. Thanks to the whole team of CK Birla Hospital.
The CK Birla Hospital is an excellent place for urinary bladder stone surgery. The doctors, team of nurses, the surgical team, everyone is so qualified and very compassionate. They have a genuine interest in helping people. My surgery was successful and I had no problems of any kind during my treatment. I would definitely recommend everyone with the same problem as mine to visit this hospital for superb treatment. Thanks to the whole team of CK Birla Hospital.
My experience at the CK Birla Hospital was brilliant. I visited there for treatment of kidney stones. They have the most amazing latest technologies like LASER kidney stone removal. The procedure occurred within an hour or so and I instantly felt great relief. It did not even feel like I had surgery, it went so smoothly. The staff was very helpful, very supportive. My experience was completely hassle-free. Definitely recommended. Thanks to the whole team of CK Birla Hospital.
How to remove stone from urinary bladder?
There are different treatment options to remove stones from the urinary bladder. Some common alternatives include medication, lifestyle modifications, Laser treatment and surgical removal.
Is laser treatment for kidney stones painless?
Yes, Laser assisted kidney stone removal is a painless procedure. However, you can expect to feel some amount of discomfort.
Do kidney stones cause urinary tract infection?
Yes, there is a possibility that kidney stones may cause urinary tract infections (UTIs) as they can act as blockages in the urinary tract.
Which specialist is best for kidney stones? ›
A urologist can remove the kidney stone or break it into small pieces with the following treatments: Shock wave lithotripsy. The doctor can use shock wave lithotripsy link to blast the kidney stone into small pieces. The smaller pieces of the kidney stone then pass through your urinary tract.Which surgery is best for ureter stone? ›
Ureteroscopy. At NYU Langone, the most common surgery to treat kidney stones is ureteroscopy with Holmium laser lithotripsy. This procedure is used to break up—and often remove—the stone fragments.Which procedure is best for kidney stone? ›
For certain kidney stones — depending on size and location — your doctor may recommend a procedure called extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL). ESWL uses sound waves to create strong vibrations (shock waves) that break the stones into tiny pieces that can be passed in your urine.How much does it cost for a kidney stone surgery? ›
On MDsave, the cost of a Kidney Stone Removal (PCNL) ranges from $11,563 to $17,912. Those on high deductible health plans or without insurance can save when they buy their procedure upfront through MDsave.What removes kidney stones naturally? ›
Apple cider vinegar contains acetic acid which helps dissolve kidney stones. In addition to flushing out the kidneys, apple cider vinegar can also decrease any pain caused by the stones. In addition, water and lemon juice can help flush the stones and prevent future kidney stones.How can I remove kidney stones without surgery? ›
Extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy is a technique for treating stones in the kidney and ureter that does not require surgery. Instead, high energy shock waves are passed through the body and used to break stones into pieces as small as grains of sand.What size kidney stone needs surgery? ›
Surgical treatment is usually recommended for stones 0.5 centimeters in size and larger, as well as for patients who fail conservative management. The procedures used today to remove stones are minimally invasive and highly effective.How do they remove 20 mm kidney stones? ›
Flexible ureteroscopy (fURS) has become a more effective and safer treatment for whole upper urinary tract stones. Percutaneous nephrolithotomy (PNL) is currently the first-line recommended treatment for large kidney stones ≥ 20 mm and it has an excellent stone-free rate for large kidney stones.How big is a 8.5 mm kidney stone? ›
The general guidelines that are used is that a stone that is less than 5 millimeters (mm) in size will commonly pass out naturally. A stone that is greater than 10 mm in size w commonly require surgical manipulation in order to pass.Can I pass a 10mm kidney stone? ›
Medical therapy for kidney stones
Most evidence suggests that stones less than 10 mm in diameter have a reasonable chance of passing through the urinary tract spontaneously. You may be offered medical expulsive therapy (MET) using an alpha blocker medication, such as tamsulosin.
Is kidney stone surgery high risk? ›
SWL is a safe and effective procedure for kidney stones and has an excellent track record. However, as with any surgical procedure, problems can occur. Major complications such as bleeding and severe pain are extremely rare.What is the cost of laser treatment of kidney stone in India? ›
What is the kidney stone laser treatment cost in India? The average cost of kidney stone laser treatment in India is approximately Rs. 1,25,500 (one lakh twenty five thousand five hundred only).What is the safest way to remove kidney stones? ›
Percutaneous nephrolithotomy: Your doctor makes a small incision in your back and guides a thin, flexible tube called an endoscope to your kidney to break up and remove the stone. It is often the most effective way to remove larger stones. This procedure is done under general anesthesia and it takes about three hours.How do urologist remove kidney stones? ›
If the stone is small, it may be snared with a basket device and removed whole from the ureter. If the stone is large, or if the diameter of the ureter is narrow, the stone will need to be fragmented, which is usually accomplished with a laser. Once the stone is broken into tiny pieces, these pieces are removed.How long is recovery after kidney stone? ›
While the recovery times vary for each procedure, most patients are fully recovered within six weeks and can resume their normal activities. Many patients feel much better the first week, but care must be taken to assure that healing is complete.How can I pass a kidney stone in 24 hours naturally? ›
- Drink plenty of water. Kidney stones need to be flushed out of the body so be sure to drink lots of water to keep them moving along. ...
- Drink a mixture of lemon juice and olive oil. ...
- Try raw apple cider vinegar. ...
- Eat diuretic foods.
Avoid stone-forming foods: Beets, chocolate, spinach, rhubarb, tea, and most nuts are rich in oxalate, which can contribute to kidney stones. If you suffer from stones, your doctor may advise you to avoid these foods or to consume them in smaller amounts.Is 4 mm kidney stone big? ›
A stone that's smaller than 4 mm (millimeters) may pass within one to two weeks. A stone that's larger than 4 mm could take about two to three weeks to completely pass. Once the stone reaches the bladder, it typically passes within a few days, but may take longer, especially in an older man with a large prostate.Can you pass a 13mm kidney stone? ›
Kidney stones that are less than 5 millimeters (mm) in size will commonly pass with medical management. Stones that are greater than 10 mm will usually require surgery.Can you pass a 12 mm kidney stone? ›
The smaller the kidney stone, the more likely it will pass on its own. If it is smaller than 5 mm (1/5 inch), there is a 90% chance it will pass without further intervention. If the stone is between 5 mm and 10 mm, the odds are 50%. If a stone is too large to pass on its own, several treatment options are available.
How do you remove a 12mm kidney stone naturally? ›
People who have kidney stones should consume lots of water to flush out these stones through urine. Generally, it is advised to drink 7-8 glasses of water a day. The concoction of lemon juice and olive oil might sound a little weird but it is a very effective home remedy to get kidney stones out of your system.What size of kidney stone requires surgery? ›
Surgical treatment is usually recommended for stones 0.5 centimeters in size and larger, as well as for patients who fail conservative management.What are the 5 most common symptoms of kidney stones? ›
- Feeling pain in your lower back or side of your body. ...
- Having nausea and/or vomiting with the pain.
- Seeing blood in your urine.
- Feeling pain when urinating.
- Being unable to urinate.
- Feeling the need to urinate more often.
- Fever or chills.
Laser lithotripsy is a way to treat kidney stones. This treatment uses a laser to break kidney stones into tiny pieces. For several hours after the procedure you may have a burning feeling when you urinate. You may feel the urge to go even if you don't need to.How long is recovery from kidney stone surgery? ›
While the recovery times vary for each procedure, most patients are fully recovered within six weeks and can resume their normal activities. Many patients feel much better the first week, but care must be taken to assure that healing is complete.Can 7mm stone pass through ureter? ›
The smaller the kidney stone, the more likely it will pass on its own. If it is smaller than 5 mm (1/5 inch), there is a 90% chance it will pass without further intervention. If the stone is between 5 mm and 10 mm, the odds are 50%.Can a 13 mm kidney stone pass? ›
Kidney stones that are less than 5 millimeters (mm) in size will commonly pass with medical management. Stones that are greater than 10 mm will usually require surgery. Those in between are managed medically first and then surgically if they do not pass.Can 10mm kidney stone pass through urine? ›
Most evidence suggests that stones less than 10 mm in diameter have a reasonable chance of passing through the urinary tract spontaneously. You may be offered medical expulsive therapy (MET) using an alpha blocker medication, such as tamsulosin. It's important to understand that this is an off-label use of the drug.What foods cause kidney stones? ›
Avoid stone-forming foods: Beets, chocolate, spinach, rhubarb, tea, and most nuts are rich in oxalate, which can contribute to kidney stones. If you suffer from stones, your doctor may advise you to avoid these foods or to consume them in smaller amounts.What is the main cause of kidney stones? ›
Possible causes include drinking too little water, exercise (too much or too little), obesity, weight loss surgery, or eating food with too much salt or sugar. Infections and family history might be important in some people. Eating too much fructose correlates with increasing risk of developing a kidney stone.
What is the cost of laser treatment of kidney stone in India? ›
What is the kidney stone laser treatment cost in India? The average cost of kidney stone laser treatment in India is approximately Rs. 1,25,500 (one lakh twenty five thousand five hundred only).Can laser treatment damage kidneys? ›
If you are wondering how safe laser treatment for kidney stones is, you'll be relieved to know that the procedure is entirely safe. Just like every other surgical procedure, the possibility of minor complications is still there, but the instances are very rare.What are the side effects of laser treatment for kidney stones? ›
- Increasing or large amounts of blood in the urine.
- Injury to the urinary tract.
- A temporary stent (placed to keep the ureter open) may move out of position.
- Need for additional procedures to remove stone fragments that do not pass.
Major complications, such as severe bleeding or injury to the kidney and adjacent structures, are relatively uncommon. The most common problems are pain associated with the small incision site, the need for a stent or tube to temporarily provide drainage of the kidney, and blood in the urine.How big is a 8.5 mm kidney stone? ›
The general guidelines that are used is that a stone that is less than 5 millimeters (mm) in size will commonly pass out naturally. A stone that is greater than 10 mm in size w commonly require surgical manipulation in order to pass.Will removing kidney stones improve kidney function? ›
A stone obstructing the kidney causes renal dysfunction that typically improves or resolves upon removal.